How to stop teen pregnancies by using Contraceptive Implants
Like several other methods of birth control, such as the birth control shot, the birth control implant releases a hormone — progestin. Hormones are chemicals made in our bodies. They control how different parts of our bodies work.
The progestin in the birth control implant works by
- keeping eggs from leaving the ovaries. Pregnancy cannot happen if there is no egg to join with the sperm.
- making a woman’s cervical mucus thicker. This keeps sperm from getting to the eggs.
Effectiveness is an important and common concern when choosing a birth control method. The birth control implant is very effective. Less than 1 out of 100 women a year will become pregnant using the implant. It lasts up to three years.
Certain medicines and supplements may make the birth control implant less effective. These include
- certain TB medicines
- certain medicines that are taken by mouth for yeast infections
- certain HIV medicines
- certain anti-seizure medicines
- certain mental disorder medicines
Some women may have undesirable side effects while using the birth control implant. But many women adjust to it with few or no problems.
The implant cannot be used by women who have breast cancer.
Irregular bleeding is the most common side effect, especially in the first 6–12 months of use.
- For most women, periods become fewer and lighter. After one year, 1 out of 3 women who use the birth control implant will stop having periods completely.
- Some women have longer, heavier periods.
- Some women have increased spotting and light bleeding between periods.
These side effects are completely normal. Some woman may worry that they are pregnant if they do not have a regular period. But when the implant is used correctly, it is very effective. If you are concerned about a possible pregnancy, you can always take a pregnancy test.
After insertion, be sure to tell any health care provider you may see that you are using the birth control implant.
The implant is effective for three years after it is inserted. After that, it should be removed. Even though it stops working, it may interfere with your period.
The implant can be removed at any time. Your health care provider will numb the area with a painkiller and will usually make one small cut to remove the implant. Removal usually takes just a few minutes, but it generally takes longer than insertion. A new implant may be inserted at this time. Pregnancy can happen anytime after the implant is removed.